The structure of Aquaculture Division comprises with Fish and Shrimp Culture Section, Aquatic Animal Health and Disease Control Section, Freshwater Fish Research Section and Water Quality Management . The main responsibilities of Aquaculture Division are to produce good quality fish and prawn/shrimp seeds for fish farmers, to ensure replenishment of fish and prawn seeds into the natural water bodies such as rivers and lakes and men-made water bodies such as reservoirs and dams for enrichment of fisheries resources, to conduct researches of potential marine and freshwater aquatic species for aquaculture development, to contribute and transfer of basic and applicable aquaculture technology to fish farmers and to conduct environment-friendly and sustainable aquaculture methods such as Good Aquaculture Practices to align with ASEAN Guidelines of Good Aquaculture Practices and EU market requirement.
Duty and function of Aquaculture Division
a. Producing of good quality fish and shrimp seeds by DoF fisheries stations,
b. To ensure conservation of fisheries or aquatic resources not to be depleted by the releasing of hatchery produced fish and shrimp seeds to natural water body,
c. Formal services of analyzing water and soil quality for fish pond management and of diagnose the fish and shrimp diseases, giving guidance of disease control and prevention for fish farmers,
d. Monitoring, control and given good management and regulation on aquaculture industry,
e. Strengthening good management for the development of environment-friendly aquaculture system and the encourage of cultured based capture fisheries to increase of fish production,
f. Issuing the amendments of aquaculture laws, legislation and regulation as the requirements of current situation,
g. Supervision of expertise for the establishment of short-term and/or long-term aquaculture development programs,
h. Data collecting, recording and analyzing on aquaculture areas and fish and shrimp seeds production from DoF fisheries stations,
i. Applying the international and ASEAN guidelines (Good Aquaculture Practices- GAqP) of sustainable aquaculture development compliance with Myanmar weather and environmental conditions,
j. Support to conduct trainings of basic fish farming and fish breeding technology for local fish farmers and capacity building of skillful technology and techniques of aquaculture systems,
Seeking the improved technologies of aquaculture and providing
a. extension and training for sustainable development and expanding of aquaculture industry as a whole,
b. Implementing and managing to be able to fully imposing of revenue for aquaculture registration,
c. Regularly observing the aquaculture industry development as a whole and recording and reporting the extraordinary phenomenon of climate change impacts on aquaculture industry and emerging fish diseases to prevent and adapt from these impacts.
In Myanmar, aquaculture areas have been increased from 12255 ha in 1990-1991 to 64438.8 ha in 2000-2001 and then to 180112 ha in 2010-2011 and 193523 ha in 2016-2017. Aquaculture production has also increased steady annually from 6397 MT in 1990-1991 to 128225 MT in 2000-2001 and 1014420 MT in 2015-2016. The production from aquaculture subsector increased to 1048690 MT in 2016-2017, which was an increase about 3.4 % compared to 2015-2016 production.
Currently over 20 species of freshwater fishes including common carp, Indian major carps, Chinese carps, tilapia, Pangasius and walking catfishes and Pacu are being cultured. Rohu (Labeo rohita) withstands as the most common and commercial cultured species which is native to Myanmar. Actually the collection of fry and fingerlings has not been permitted so as to conserve and enhance the natural fish stocks. This is as a measure of follow- up of the Law Relating to Aquaculture that was promulgated in 1990. However in order to develop aquaculture particularly in production and productivity of quality fish seeds, hatchery concerned farmers are allowed to collect the fry and fingerlings prior to permission of DoF. As a result, rohu aquaculture industry becomes more developed and promising. In order to promote and distribute the quality fish seed, DoF has tried to upgrade the broodstocks quality by proper management through its 27 fishery stations that are conducting seed production and providing technical assistance to farmers.
The potential important freshwater fishes such as Heteropneustes fossilis (Catfish), Ompok bimaculatus (Sheat fish), Notopterus chitala (Spotted feather back), Cyprinus Intha (Nga phane),Trichogaster pectoralis (Snake skin gouramy), Pangasius bacourti (Stripped catfish), Prochilodus luneatus (Taung paw nga tha lott), Leptobarbus hoevenii (Sultan fish), were successfully induced breeding by experimental scale.